Women's participation in parliament: 'Glass ceiling' syndrome and party selection

Čičkarić, Lilijana (2014) Women's participation in parliament: 'Glass ceiling' syndrome and party selection. Sociološki pregled, 48 (4). pp. 549-564. ISSN 0085-6320 eISSN 2560-4880

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The impact of 'glass ceiling' syndrome and party selection on participation of women in parliament and other political institutions are examined in this article. 'Glass ceiling' syndrome, which means invisible, but almost impenetrable border that women face in professional life, keeping them away from positions of influence and progress in career, is the main reason for the small number of women involved in politics. According to the focus of the research, there are three groups of barriers to women's political participation. Most researchers examine the influence of the political system, institutional and legal mechanisms, the question of their transparency and functional improvement. Significantly less frequent approach came from authors who are concentrated on the social and economic barriers, financial conditions and the broader social context. The third group consists of those who are considering the ideological and psychological barriers, patriarchal cultural patterns, traditional gender roles, self-confidence, ambition and women's desire to be involved in politics. Political parties are key actors in the process of discrimination against women, because they do not allow them to be selected in a number of political functions. There are many factors that determine that the issue of gender equality is variously interpreted in political parties. The most present are contextual and ideological factors, referring to a different definition of the status of women on the political agenda, the social climate in terms of gender equality and respect for human rights, the level of social development and political freedom. Then come organizational factors pertaining to the structure of parties, the manner in which the leadership is elected, whether there are internal women's pressure groups and lobbying, and are women leaders are visible on high positions in decision-making process. Finally, there are institutional-legal factors, which include the type of electoral system, the legal and constitutional framework and the prescribed quotas on national and / or party level.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Women, political participation, parliament, party selection, žene, polititička participacija, parlament, partijska selekcija.
Institutional centre: Centre for sociological research and anthropological research
Depositing User: Vesna Jovanović
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2022 19:51
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 19:51
URI: http://iriss.idn.org.rs/id/eprint/691

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