Gender equality as a necessary condition of representative democracy

Čičkarić, Lilijana (2012) Gender equality as a necessary condition of representative democracy. Teme, 36 (1). pp. 67-83. ISSN 0353-7919 eISSN 1820-7804

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The article is based on a critical review of existing literature in the field of political participation and representation of women in democratic institutions and procedures in contemporary society. Then, on the basis of relevant statistical indicators, it provides a state-of-the-art review of the participation of women in executive, legislative and judicial government in the European Union countries. The paper especially highlights the obstacles women face in the candidature for political office and when entering the political arena. It takes into account only the political factors, such as the type and structure of the electoral system, the number of parties in the parliament and their ideological differences, the number of candidates at polling stations, and the candidates' nominations for political offices, which have a crucial influence on the possibility for women to enter the political arena. Gender equality policy in the European Union in recent years has achieved significant success in the direction of larger and more equitable representation of women in all spheres of public life. However, women still do not participate in a sufficient number of institutions of governance and decision-making in economics and politics. The mere numerical, descriptive presence of women in political institutions is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the increase of their political power.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: women, politics, participation, representation, gender equality, žene, politika, participacija, reprezentacija, rodna ravnopravmost.
Institutional centre: Centre for sociological research and anthropological research
Depositing User: Vesna Jovanović
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2022 20:59
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2022 20:59

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