Genuine participation in participant-centred research initiatives: the rhetoric and the potential reality

Feeney, Oliver and Borry, Pascal and Felzmann, Heike and Galvagni, Lucia and Haukkala, Ari and Loi, Michele and Nordal, Salvör and Rakić, Vojin and Riso, Brigida and Sterckx, Sigrid and Vears, Danya (2018) Genuine participation in participant-centred research initiatives: the rhetoric and the potential reality. Journal of Community Genetics, 9 (2). pp. 133-142. ISSN 1868-310X eISSN 1868-6001

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Abstract

The introduction of Web 2.0 technology, along with a population increasingly proficient in Information and Communications Technology (ICT), coupled with the rapid advancements in genetic testing methods, has seen an increase in the presence of participant-centred research initiatives. Such initiatives, aided by the centrality of ICT interconnections, and the ethos they propound seem to further embody the ideal of increasing the participatory nature of research, beyond what might be possible in non-ICT contexts alone. However, the majority of such research seems to actualise a much narrower definition of ‘participation’—where it is merely the case that such research initiatives have increased contact with participants through ICT but are otherwise non-participatory in any important normative sense. Furthermore, the rhetoric of participant-centred initiatives tends to inflate this minimalist form of participation into something that it is not, i.e. something genuinely participatory, with greater connections with both the ICT-facilitated political contexts and the largely non-ICT participatory initiatives that have expanded in contemporary health and research contexts. In this paper, we highlight that genuine (ICT-based) ‘participation’ should enable a reasonable minimum threshold of participatory engagement through, at least, three central participatory elements: educative, sense of being involved and degree of control. While we agree with criticisms that, at present, genuine participation seems more rhetoric than reality, we believe that there is clear potential for a greater ICT-facilitated participatory engagement on all three participatory elements. We outline some practical steps such initiatives could take to further develop these elements and thereby their level of ICT-facilitated participatory engagement.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is part of the Topical Collection on Citizen’s Health through public-private Initiatives: Public health, Market and Ethical perspectives
Uncontrolled Keywords: Participant-centred research, ICT, Participatory, engagement, Web 2.0
Institutional centre: Centre for philosophy
Depositing User: Vesna Jovanović
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2022 09:12
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2022 09:12
URI: http://iriss.idn.org.rs/id/eprint/877

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