Demographic Challenges in Serbia

Rašević, Mirjana and Galjak, Marko (2022) Demographic Challenges in Serbia. In: The Geography of Serbia: Nature, People, Economy. World Regional Geography Book Series . Springer, Cham, pp. 143-155. ISBN 978-3-030-74700-8 Online ISBN 978-3-030-74701-5

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The present chapter focuses on fertility and mortality problems as the two big demographic challenges facing Serbia. The trend of the average number of live births to women who were past the reproductive age in 2011, considered by age cohorts, indicates an early below-replacement fertility and a long period in which the number of live births per woman was stable at the value of 1.8. Although younger cohorts have yet to age beyond their reproductive years, markedly lower average number of live births by women aged between 36 and 40 compared to women aged 41 and over in 2011 will probably deepen due to completed fertility declining below the 1.8 mark. At the same time, Serbia is struggling with high premature mortality. Premature deaths of middle-aged people, but also younger, reproductively capable people, have effect on the economy, childbearing, and depopulation. In Serbia, men are dying more prematurely than women. About half of all deaths of men younger than 75 in 2015 could have been avoided by either prevention or adequate and timely healthcare. Big urban centres are much better off in this regard, unlike more remote regions which often lack good healthcare services.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Below-replacement fertility, Postponement of childbearing, Birth control, Family policies, Life expectancy, Premature mortality, Avoidable deaths.
Institutional centre: Centre for demographic research
Depositing User: Vesna Jovanović
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2022 22:07
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2022 17:20

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