Disaster Risk Reduction - Gender Aspects

Mršević, Zorica and Janković, Svetlana (2018) Disaster Risk Reduction - Gender Aspects. In: The Proceedings of human security and new technologies : 4th International Conference on Human Security. Faculty of Security Studies, Human Security Research Center, Belgrade, pp. 209-216. ISBN 978-86-80144-30-6

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The subject of this paper is the gender aspect of the disaster risk reduction concept. A natural phenomenon in itself is not a disaster, but it becomes when it strikes a vulnerable community, a group or individuals without proper defence who have no ability to resist or to repair its negative effects. lt causes material damage and human losses, possible interruption of the economic and social functioning of the community. The threat of disasters is a matter of overall human security and implies bringing into question the safety of life, housing and economy, food, water, energy, health, and environmental safety. The aim of the paper is to point out that disasters are not a 'natural' inevitability, since they are the result of natural risk factors and human vulnerability, in which gender-based inequalities are a constitutive component. Consequently, disaster risk reduction processes that include prevention, mitigation and preparedness for response in all phases should have a necessary gender perspective, with the aim of increasing disaster resilience. Such an approach is based on the knowledge of the risk management, capacity building and the use of information and communications technology, as well as the analysis of existing gender relations and the need to change unsafe discriminatory practices in the field. Namely, the opportunities available to women and men in fact are not the same even in 'normal' circumstances, not to mention the emergencies. There is a gender division of jobs, unequal access to material and non-material resources, lesser participation of women in decision- making at political and private levels, women's exposure to gender-based violence and various forms of discrimination. The conclusion is that building resistance to disasters, empowering women and community development necessarily represent elements of unique, but not separate, efforts.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: disasters, women, gender relations, poverty, disaster risk reduction
Institutional centre: Centre for legal research
Depositing User: Vesna Jovanović
Date Deposited: 11 May 2020 09:36
Last Modified: 11 May 2020 09:36
URI: http://iriss.idn.org.rs/id/eprint/323

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