Multiculturality and multiculturalism in “Western Balkans”

Lutovac, Zoran (2020) Multiculturality and multiculturalism in “Western Balkans”. Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke, LXXI (175). pp. 345-360. ISSN 0352-5732 eISSN 2406-0836

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When researching multiculturalism and the process of Europeanisation in Serbia and countries of the region, one must first examine the status of multiculturality and multiculturalism, from the normative framework to states’ policies which decidedly determine the nature and functioning of a political community. Starting from the fact that the context, nature and structure of a political community determines the essence of rights and freedoms stipulated by the constitution and laws, as well as that a synergy of good laws and sound policies enables an effective policy of multiculturality, integration and interlacing of cultures of diverse national communities in a society, the proclaimed multiculturalism was studied in this paper, with a view to ascertain whether such constitutional and legislative framework and policies exist, and if they did, whether there was concerted action between them. The key finding was that the states of the region support a civil state in principle, that they are exclusively or predominantly nationally legitimised by the highest legislative acts and that the factual state is marked by various national cultural identities that are not integrated into the model of plural citizenship. The paper shows that there is a lack of political will to transform the declared support for a pluralistic civil state into public policies affirming the values of multiculturalism, as well as that there is a lack of strong institutions to support such policy. Creating civil awareness, strengthening civil values and virtues are not priorities for state institutions or media controlled by governments. Rather than that, their priority is to strengthen national identities. Hence, based on the above, we can affirm that civil states, civil values and civil identities are only at initial stages, i.e. that they are still, only occasionally, at the level of general programme orientation and set aims. The necessary ingredient for their firm establishment is a consolidated democracy and acceptance of universal values of developed democracies, such as the rule of law and protection of human rights and freedoms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: multiculturalism, multiculturality, intercultural dialogue, Serbia, Western Balkans, multikulturalnost, multikulturalizam, interkulturalni dijalog, Srbija, „Zapadni Balkan”
Institutional centre: Centre for political research and public opinion
Depositing User: Vesna Jovanović
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2021 23:11
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2021 23:11

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